Until 1970, there was no single method for pricing an option. The value of option was mainly based on market sentiment. In this situation, traders who predicted an increase in the share price preferred call options more than traders who had a negative outlook on the underlying asset. Some market players used their own rules based on observations.

Realized volatility is a standard deviation of daily price fluctuations of an underlying asset, expressed as a percentage. Historical volatility measures the size of price fluctuations over a certain period of time. As a rule, the value of volatility is translated into an annual expression. For example, on July 31, 2014 the volatility is translated into an annual expression.

Very often people start trading options with little understanding of how many different strategies can be used to limit risks and maximize profits. However, traders must first learn how to utilize options. With this in mind, this article aims to speed up the learning process.

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Straddle is the most common way to trade

1) implied volatility - for options with a long expiry date,

It is very difficult to predict what will happen to the price of an option or a position with several options, because market changes can be unexpected. Since the price of an option does not always change according to the price of the underlying asset, it is important to understand what factors affect the price of the option.

The formula for the approximate value of at-the-money straddle gives a fairly accurate estimate of the market price, taking into account the spot share price, implied volatility and the time to expiry.

A typical introductory chapter in the options textbook contains payoff diagrams that correspond to long call or long put positions. Hedging is often described as 1) simply buying a put option to protect against a decline in the price of the underlying asset or 2) buying a call option to protect against a rise in the price of the asset.